Spanish Cognate Rules by Ending

There are a number of rules on word endings that will make it easier to associate English words with their Spanish cognates or vice versa. Although these rules are not applicable in every single case, they can be taken as general guidelines for understanding cognates in Spanish and English. It should be noted that these rules are only applicable to the specific word form (i.e. verb, noun, adjective, etc.) indicated in the description of the rule.

Select an ending rule to view an example list of cognates

Add -ar or -ir

ate->ar

tion->ción

ism->ismo

ist->ista

ly->mente

nce->ncia

nt->nte

ic->ico

y->ia

vowel+consonant + T -> tar or tir

y->io

or=or

Drop -e and add -ar or -ir (infinitive verbs)

id->ido

ct->cto

ive->ivo

ty->dad

al=al

ary->ario

ble=ble

ence->encia

ile->il

ous->oso

ment->mento

ar=ar

Drop -ify and add -ificar (infinite verbs)