Cognates by Ending

There are a number of rules on word endings that will make it easier to associate English words with their Spanish cognates or vice versa. Although these rules are not applicable in every single case, they can be taken as general guidelines for understanding cognates in Spanish and English. It should be noted that these rules are only applicable to the specific word form (i.e. verb, noun, adjective, etc.) indicated in the description of the rule.

al=al

English nouns ending in -al are often identical to their Spanish equivalent.

Drop -e and add -ar or -ir (infinitive verbs)

Many English infinitive verbs can be converted to Spanish by dropping the final -e and replacing it with either the -ar or the -ir ending.

Drop -ify and add -ificar (infinite verbs)

Most English infinitive verbs ending in -ify can be converted to Spanish by replacing the -ify ending with the -ificar ending.

ist->ista

Many English nouns ending in -ist can be converted to Spanish by replacing the -ist ending with the -ista ending.

nt->nte

Many English adjectives ending in -nt can be converted to Spanish by replacing the -nt ending with the -nte ending.

tion->ción

Many English nouns ending in -tion can be converted to Spanish by replacing the -tion ending with the -ción ending.

vowel+consonant + T -> tar or tir

Many English verbs that end with a VOWEL + CONSONANT + T can be converted into a Spanish verbs by adding -ar or -ir to the end of the English verb.